The Tuesday Night Club is back.
We are Golden Age Crime fiction fans, who in the past have done some joint blogging, and we are reviving our meme to mark the publication of a book called The 100 greatest Literary Detectives, edited by Eric Sandberg: many different writers – including our own Kate Jackson - are contributing sections on the chosen characters.
So we decided to come up with our own list, and after considerable back and forth (‘I’ll give you X if you let me have Y.’ ‘SOMEONE has to do Z’) and some very dodgy maths, we each have our list. Theoretically, this might be 10 each, but that seems very unlikely. We will each blog on as many sleuths as we can, and perhaps someone will add them all up at the end – Bev at My Readers Block, who created the excellent logo above, is of the opinion there will be 50-ish... (not, as one of my lovely readers thought for a moment, that we were choosing sleuths in their 50s…)
Jim has collected this weeks links over at The Invisible Event, so you can read everyone's entries.
... and he listed all the Week 1 entries in this post.
We are playing fast and loose with time periods (this is by no means solely Golden Age anymore), definitions and numbers, and have in the end made up our own rules.
After my last week’s entry on Marriageable Single Women Detectives, for Week 2 I am going for
The Spinster Sleuths
with Agatha Christie’s Miss Jane Marple and Patricia Wentworth’s Miss Maud Silver up for discussion.
And first I need to say a big thank you to Noah Stewart of Noah’s Archives, because he claimed Miss Silver for his list, then generously said that I could have her. That was particularly good of him because he has written brilliantly on Wentworth’s Silver books before now, and even did a marvellous post on her clothes (!of all things – but I don’t claim copyright on that particular subject). I strongly recommend reading both these posts before I move in to trivialize the subject of Miss S, by comparing her with Miss Marple.
The two lady detectives arrived on the scene at the same time – Miss Marple in a short story published in December 1927, Miss Silver in a book called Grey Mask in 1928. I said in my blogpost on it that ‘she arrived fully formed, with one interesting exception. She is an old lady who investigates, she’s marvellous, she coughs all the time and is knitting some socks. The only thing missing is there is no mention of her past as a governess – this must be first revealed in a later book.’
(Miss S works for a living in a way that is not quite imaginable for the more upmarket Miss Marple, although Miss M quite happy to take money when it is offered by the right person.)
Both of them were slow to get going: Miss Silver didn’t appear again until 1937: Miss Marple’s first novel was Murder at the Vicarage in 1930, then a gap till Body in the Library in 1942.
Neither of the two lady sleuths is very good at showing her working: they seem to pick their solutions out of thin air, and there isn’t much in the way of proper detection and clue-hunting. Both of them spend a lot of time talking to the suspects however, which does make for enjoyable reading.
And now some differences:
1) The question of the young lovers. Robert Barnard, in his excellent book on Agatha Christie, says that one of the differences between the two writers is that there are always some characters in Wentworth who are automatically excluded from suspicion – basically the young lovers – and that this is most certainly not true of Agatha Christie, where absolutely anybody could be the murderer.
2) And that leads on to the results of their investigations. On a visit to Miss Silver’s flat, we find that there are many photographs scattered around:
The photographs were for the most part quite modern pictures of babies…Every photograph was an offering of gratitude from someone who stood in safety or lived in happiness and contentment because Miss Maud Silver had fought a successful battle for justice. If the battle had been lost, most of these babies would never have been born.Now that, I would say, contrasts markedly with Miss Marple, despite surface similarities – Jane M is far too prone to finding solutions that blow apart families and couples, with little sympathy for, or interest in, those left behind. The lost boyfriends, the conmen, the dead maids – no lovely pictures of them, and no offspring to come. Miss Silver is made of gentler stuff, and both are enjoyable in their own ways.
3) Both women knit, but Wentworth gives a lot more detail of what exactly Miss Silver is doing – usually clothes for the very dispiriting-sounding children of her niece Ethel Burkitt. But there is a most startling scene in Through the Wall, where Miss Silver is strip searched to eliminate her from an investigation. It is really quite unnerving, and my contention is that Miss Marple would never be put through that, but that Gladys Mitchell’s Mrs Bradley wouldn’t turn a hair. And then there is the revelation that Miss S knits her own underclothes:
Mrs Larkin, being passionately addicted to crochet, became quite warm in her admiration of the edging which decorated Miss Silver’s high-necked spencer and serviceable flannelette knickers, which had three rows on each leg, each row being a little wider than the last. On being informed that the design was original she was emboldened to ask for the pattern, which Miss Silver promised to write down for her. After which they parted on very friendly terms…I have never really got over this whole scene.
****Added later: my friend Lucy pointed out in the comments below that I had misread this passage - it is a lace edging being crocheted, rather than knickers being knitted. I think I had picked the wrong bit of the book, mistaken it for THIS important section:
[Miss Silver discussed with Mrs Brand] a pattern for long-sleeved vests, and the address of a shop where the wool suitable for making them could be bought. It transpired that Florence had always worn wool next to the skin, and had now arrived at measurements which made it practically impossible for her to procure the necessary underwear. She got as far as saying that she might have some wool upstairs in the box-room, and Miss Silver offered to help her look for it in the morning.
Miss Marple is usually just knitting ‘something fluffy’ and occasionally a fascinator – a subject of much discussion on the blog, in its form of a light knitted head scarf rather than two feathers and a headband for wedding millinery. But I did like the detail that after someone has died, Miss Marple
laid aside the baby’s pink coat which she had previously been engaged in knitting and substituted a crocheted purple scarf. This half-mourning touch went with Miss Marple’s early Victorian ideas of tactfulness in the face of tragedy.
I loved this introduction:
‘Her name is Maud Silver. Louisa says she has solved many difficult cases besides being an extremely expert knitter.’ While, significantly, in her first case Miss Marple is described as a 'nasty old cat' by the charming heroine of the book.
Two final points about Miss Silver – as mentioned above, she coughs a lot. I have kept a count in some of her books, and it can be anything from 15 times to nearly 40, and they can be hesitant, prim, formal, enquiring, reproving, premonitory, and deprecatory. In the end Patricia Wentworth made this comment:
To those readers who have so kindly concerned themselves about Miss Silver's health: Her occasional slight cough is merely a means of self-expression. It does not indicate any bronchial affection. She enjoys excellent health. P. W.
And the other point about the Silver books - where DO the first names come from? Patricia Wentworth surely loves a heroine with a stupid name: Lisle and Tanis, and Meade, and Columba, Dorinda, Carmona, Mirrie. When young girls wish they had more glamorous lives, these are the kind of fake names they come up with. Fair play to Agatha Christie, she tends to give characters sensible names.
-----------------I loved using all pictures by Sir William Orpen last week, so had a look to see what I could find this time.
Dame Madge Kendal, an actress of the Victorian and Edwardian era.
The other picture is Portrait of an Old Lady by Carl Heuser.
I will leave the reader to decide which picture I have assigned to which old-lady-sleuth.
I love this post, Moira! You make really interesting and thoughtful comparisons here, and I like the way you discuss how they are unique, although they're often thought of as extremely similar. Fascinating discussion, and now I have this mental picture of flannel knickers...ReplyDelete
Thanks for the kind words Margot - I really enjoyed writing about it, and thinking hard about the differences between the old ladies...Delete
I don't think the knickers were entirely crocheted (crochet is NOT the same as knitting!). But it's easy to produce yards of crochet edging, and in Miss Silver's day all undies were lace-edged. And in fact the quote tells us that the knickers are made of flannelette ("a soft cotton fabric with a nap" says the dictionary).ReplyDelete
What a very expert watercolour! How did he do the texture of her skirt? Looks like he dipped some sloth in purple paint and applied it.
Of course you are right Lucy, I didn't read it carefully enough! Though perhaps the spencer was knitted - there are certainly knitted vests in others of the books.Delete
It is a great picture isn't it, and I love your innovative method suggestion!
Lucy I have edited the post to reflect this, and added in the section from the book that I think I meant to use!Delete
Oh dear, Moira! This brought tears of laughter to my eyes. Perhaps it would be in the true spirit of the Golden Age if we were to swap patterns for making our own underwear next time we meet . .ReplyDelete
Oh thank you Chrissie! and what an excellent idea - I'm surprised we haven't done it already, tee hee. I am just about to do a talk about Agatha Christie, and in my researches came up with the fact that in her later years she used to ask anyone going to America to buy outsize knickers for her - she couldn't get satisfactory ones in the UK. She'd have been fine with online shopping I guess...Delete
Brilliant post as always, some great differences and similarities, quite a few of which I had not considered before. Marple definitely is a more dangerous quantity which you highlight well. Miss Silver is more of the fairy godmother variety of sleuth.ReplyDelete
Yes, that's a very good description of Miss Silver. There is a lot to think about with both of them, even though they can seem rather stock characters on the surface - more to them than you might expect.Delete
Both Miss Silver and Miss Marple are wonderful creations, I think. I also have a soft spot for Dorothy Sayers' Miss Climpson, who first appeared in Unnatural Death in 1927. When Christie published Murder at the Vicarage, Sayers wrote to her: 'Dear old tabbies are the only possible kind of female detective, and your Miss M. is lovely'. (I am quoting from Janet Morgan, Agatha Christie: A Biography, London: Collins, 1984, p. 196, and I can't figure out how to make italics here, so the titles don't look quite right, sorry!) It's interesting how these three enter the stage at almost exactly the same time - talk about "zeitgeist"! I have always thought that they owe something to Jane Austen's Miss Bates - particularly Miss Climpson's conversational style is certainly very similar to that of Miss Bates. But whereas Miss Bates admitttedly IS rather silly, Christie, Sayers and Wentworth make it quite clear that the joke is on the people who assume that just because a woman is no longer young and pretty - and neither rich nor married at that - she is not worthy of attention or respect.ReplyDelete
Oh yes, I always loved Miss Climpson, and thought she was sadly under-used in Sayers. And one of her operatives, Miss Murchison, features in Strong Poison and is another excellent character - taught to pick locks by a retired burglar friend of Lord Peter's.Delete
That's a great letter from Sayers to Christie!
Nice contrast with Ngaio Marsh, who (in her often very enjoyable books) is always horrible about spinsters, they are universally awful. (And, after descriptions of how old and grotesque they are, often turn out to be much younger than I am now!)
Oh yes, Miss Murchison is great - and very "unspinsterish". Quite different from the Miss Bates type. Although I regret not seeing more of her after Strong Poison, I like the fact that Sayers first describes her as a sturdy, no-nonsense, rather mannish character, and then tells us in Gaudy Night that Miss Murchison has left the firm to get married. It's a subtle refusal by Sayers to play along with the notion that you have to be a sweet, little kittenish thing for a man to appreciate you.Delete
Yes, very good point, I'd forgotten that. These days she'd have had her own spinoff series...Delete
What an interesting post And how fascinating that both authors should have created ageing spinster sleuths at the same point in time. Regarding the knickers, one of my old needlework books (1931) has a pattern and drawing for rather voluminous knickers with long legs (virtually knee length I should think), with elastic round the edges. Would these be the sort of garment worn by Miss Silver I wonder? They look very sensible, but very plain, and would definitely benefit from the addition of crochet edgings.ReplyDelete
Yes, the spinster sleuth must have been in the air, I think there might have been some American ones around that time too.Delete
That sounds exactly what Miss S would have worn - as Lucy implies in the comment above, presumably it was a good home craft activity to make some edging to pretty them up.
Tanis and Dorinda do both have some credentials - Dorinda is also the name of one of the sisters in Eric Linklater's "The Wind on the Moon", and my dad's ex's mother was called Tanis. So they're not entirely bizarre, just unusual. And after even a glance at any Barbara Cartland, they do seem pretty reasonable names!!ReplyDelete
I did wonder if this naming scheme was more common in romantic fiction, but hadn't checked. I remember that when we were at school we all had favourite names, and when writing a story or inventing a perfect school we would use those names. So very sensible of certain writers to tap into that!Delete
Nice comparison of Miss Marple and Miss Sliver. Even though I have read only two Miss Silver books in recent years and four Miss Marples, at this point I would give Miss Silver the edge as a detective. She seems more actively involved. But really it is the writing of each book, all the elements, that I care about when reading them, and Christie might have an edge there. But still with only six read, I have a lot more to go to consider.ReplyDelete
Honestly, Tracy, you have such joy ahead of you! I realized doing this post how much flatout entertainment these two lady sleuths give me... Although I have read all the Marples, am happy to re-read, and there are plenty of Wentworths left I haven't read yet...Delete
Thanks so much, Moira, for the very kind words and the links to my blog! I've had so much to say about Miss Silver that it was very pleasant to read some different insights from a scholar of your acuity.ReplyDelete
I was struck by a thought when I read your comparisons of Miss Silver to Miss Marple ... all those photographs of babies suggested to me that Miss Silver is ultimately dedicated to preserving the class structure. She wants the distinctions between upper and middle and lower classes maintained so that noblesse continues to oblige. I can't say that Miss Marple feels the opposite, although she does seem to be a bit subversive in how she deals with movie stars and wealthy old men.
It occurred to me many many years ago, upon first reading Grey Mask, that Miss Silver may have been some sort of mysterious government agent, and only later made the transition to private investigator!
Excellent perceptions, Noah, just as I would expect - yes definitely preserving the status quo. And I love the idea that she was an agent... now that would make a great book.Delete
Both Misses Silver And Marple have strikingly good relations with the police, though at least for Miss Silver they always doubt her conclusions in each particular case. (That is obviously a Golden Age trope, but I think Christie does it more with Poirot than with Maple.)ReplyDelete
The police in Miss Marple are pretty competent and manages to do quite a lot of investigating on their own, whereas the Wentworth's policemen seem quite stupid. I think it boils down to the fact that Christie's solutions were genius-level, so her police-men don't have to be incompetent, merely fall for the misdirections a reader would fall for. Wentworth's solutions are not nearly as brilliant so to make Miss Silver stand out she has to tell the police to look for obvious clues and help them perform even a minimally competent job.
Excellent analysis! I wish Noah was still with us to see what you say. Yes, I hadn't worked it out like that but what you say is very convincing.Delete