Every year during December I post entries which are more Christmas in Books than Clothes in Books, and kind readers say it puts them in a seasonal mood.
This year we may need this more than ever, and they will continue through to some New Year entries in January.
And if you have a favourite Christmas book or scene you’d like to see featured – please let me know
This one isn’t the most cheerful, but maybe will make us think that things could be worse
the book: The Rack by AE Ellis
The approach of Christmas became evident in the initiation of extensive preparations at Les Alpes. Private patients took their meals at different times from the students, but it had been decided that at the special dinner to be served on Christmas Eve everyone would eat together. All the separate tables were to be placed end-to-end in a gigantic horse-shoe; private patients, nurses and staff would be seated at one half, the students at the other. Then it was announced that the dinner was to be followed by a fancy dress ball, and everyone who was going to attend was requested to busy himself or herself with the preparation of a costume. Private patients telephoned a local costumier: the students set to work with needle and cotton, ransacked the attics and store-rooms of the sanatorium for old curtains and worn-out, discarded linen.
A great Christmas tree was erected in the salle à manger, and stars, crescents and lanterns decorated the lofty ceiling. Individual rooms reflected the taste and temperament (and often the state of health) of their occupants. In some the walls disappeared under a mass of improvised decorations; in others the owners had arranged elaborately dressed trees or crèches; in most was greater or lesser evidence of festivity. But here and and there was a room which—like an extinct star still fixed within its radiant galaxy—lacked even the addition of a single candle or Christmas card to mitigate the austerity of its habitual appearance.
The costume varied in ingenuity. Kubahskoi made a passable mandarin, John MacAllister an impressive chef de gare. (He had engaged the co-operation of the stationmaster of Brisset.) Angus Gray had gallantly sacrificed his great moustaches to the accomplishment of a change of sex. David Bean had covered his face with burnt cork and had suspended brass curtain rings from his ears. His body was draped in a sheet; a carving knife hung about his waist. With unerring taste and technique he had affiliated himself to the D.P.s of every improvised fancy dress ball, that roving, ubiquitous band of gipsies cum sheiks cum pirates cum hunters cum dustmen. John Cotterell, crushed at last by the accumulated weight of his own ingenuity, tore up all his intricate designs, and, to the scandal of the sanatorium, wore nothing more than a set of Sœur Jeanne’s underwear and a top hat.
comments: A couple of years ago I read a lot of books about the sanatoriums (sanatoria?) where people were sent if they had TB, consumption, right up to the time that the disease became treatable in the late 1940s and 1950s. This treatment was mind-boggling to modern eyes: people were removed from home and family and put in special hospitals where they were exposed to fresh air, and told not to move too much (roughly speaking). It is very hard to obtain any reassurance that this did any good whatsoever, but it made people’s lives a misery. TB was a killer anyway, and was very easily spread to others, which was part of the justification. The books were universally fascinating, in a worrying and quite upsetting way. They ranged from The Magic Mountain by Thomas Mann (perhaps the first and most iconic work of sanatorium-lit) to Gwen Grant’s children’s book, Knock and Wait, which I presume is a lightly-fictionalized memoir. (TB is never mentioned – anaemia is, which seems less likely). Betty MacDonald’s The Plague and I featured, and Linda Grant’s then-new novel Dark Circle was my kicking-off point. As ever, other people shared my fascination and made more suggestions, and one question was why I hadn’t written about this one, The Rack by AE Ellis, as it was an acknowledged classic of the genre.
Naturally the answer was that I hadn’t heard of it, and had been collecting the titles to date in my usual ramshackle way, not being completist about it. So I did look it up, and obtained it. It was seen as a great work of literature when it was published, compared to Mann, Proust and Camus, but it does seem to be largely forgotten now. Graham Greene ranked it with Ulysses and Great Expectations.
It took me a long time to get round to reading it: it somehow never seemed that appealing.
It is described as a novel, but is very much in the memoir line: a young man, a student, is diagnosed with TB and goes to the Alps to recover. The book describes his time there, the procedures he undergoes, and his love affair with another patient. As with all the books, the treatment is horrible, the story compelling, and the atmosphere sad. It seemed authentic, real and well-written. But: Magic Mountain struck me as being a great work of literature, and I’m not so sure I would say the same about this one. I wonder if these books meant more to people of the time, who all must have known people who went away to sanatoria – perhaps it was more telling for them. (Reading the books made me wish I had asked some of the older generation of my family – two of whom had TB – about their experiences.)
So. Virtually all the sanatorium books feature a Christmas party scene which is hectic and over-excited and always on the edge of tears, and basically just tremendously sad and touching: The Rack was no exception. (Several other sanatorium festivities have featured on the blog: here and here and here.) "The DPs of every improvised fancy dress ball" - I am guessing that this stands for Displaced Persons, an expression in widespread use at the time, meaning people whose lives had been upturned by WW2. (It turns up in Agatha Christie's post-war books)
I had to keep reminding myself that this book was not set at the beginning of the 20th century, but in the second half. The top picture is a fancy dress party in the early 1950s from the State Library of Queensland.
The other two pictures are ones I found in my previous researches:
The nurse picture is from an anti-TB campaign, and came from the Library of Congress
The poster is part of a WPA Art Project from the late 1930s, from the Library of Congress.
My edition has an introduction from Andrew Sinclair, who was a great friend of the author. ‘AE Ellis’ was a pseudonym – his real name was Derek Lindsay, and he took the name from Ruth Ellis, the last women hanged in the UK. Sinclair does that thing of telling you apparently wonderful stories about Lindsay, that make him sound horrible. (Lindsay did have a long affair with Sinclair’s wife, but still the friendship and praise seem genuine.) This introduction contains the following sentence, about Lindsay’s relationship with the son he had by Sinclair’s wife:
No Titus Andronicus he, but rather an Aristotle to this young Alexander, who was named Timon in memory of so much generosity, so spurned.
I have no words.
It sounds moving in places, Moira. And it's one of those settings that you may not know much about if you haven't been in one, or done the research. Interesting that it reads like a memoir, but to me, that makes sense. I think stories tend to have more of an impact if they feel as though they're about real people, and how the plot line impacts those individuals.ReplyDelete
Yes there is a certain kind of novel that you know is autobiographical, but you can respect the author's decision to distance him/herself and call it a novel. There can be good reasons for that, and writing about something as traumatic as a sanatorium is probably one of them.Delete
My mother, born in 1925 in a miner's family in the north of Sweden, was diagnosed with fluid in the chest when she was 16 or 17, so that must have been in 1941 or 42. The doctor wanted to send her to a sanatorium, but my grandmother was convinced that this would definitely lead to TB and death, so strongly resisted this and managed to keep my mother at home and nurse her there. She had to stay in bed for a whole year and was mightily bored and put on a lot of weight, but recovered. When I heard this story as a young girl I just assumed that my grandmother's attitude was due to ignorance, but I am beginning to think that she might have been right.ReplyDelete
I would love to know what all these treatments achieved. I know people were, always, doing their best, but once you immerse yourself in rading about those treatments - well, I think you'd be like your grandmother. It sounds horrendous, but also there was a very high death rate. Hard to know. Would be interesting to know if there has been any research.Delete
I can remember when the sanitoria just EMPTIED in the 1950's, as the first miracle drug was given to patients there: streptomycin. [It's also the drug of choice against plague, Y. pestis.]ReplyDelete
Fascinating. Linda Grant's book, Dark Circle, deals with that time. It must have been extraordinary. Would not have known that about plague...Delete
Oh, this post reminds me that my father's favorite authors were Thomas Mann and Thomas Wolfe. His favorite book by Mann was The Magic Mountain. I have never read it. But since you say it was set in a TB sanitorium, it reminds me that my father's youngest brother died of TB during WW2 and another brother, who lived to a ripe old age of 91, also had TB during that war. They lived in New York City, in Queens. So glad antibiotics and other treatments were found.ReplyDelete
Magic Mountain is quite a commitment, it is not an easy read, and it is very long, but it is a magnificent book and a true work of art. Those drugs changed the world in a way that is quite rare. It is not surprising that so many people were fascinated by the sanatoria during the first half of the 20th Century.Delete
Always meant to try One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest by Ken Kesey, closest I might ever get to the trope. That said I did read a Michael Avallone novelisation, Shock Corridor a few years ago when Rich was doing his Crime of the Century theme.ReplyDelete
I will look up the Avallone. Yes, One Flew Over is a major part of the literature of hospitals, I remember the film reallly well...Delete